Litigation is the process of resolving conflicts in a court of law. Litigation is a difficult and drawn-out procedure in India because of the prevalence of adversarial dispute resolution system. In India, the judicial system is hierarchical and divided into three categories. The Supreme Court, which has writ and appellate authority, sits at the top of the pyramidal structure followed by High Courts in the States and Union Territories. Subordinate courts include civil, criminal, revenue, district, sessions , judicial magistrate courts.
Types of Litigation
The four major categories of law under which litigation in India can be categorized are as follows:
Commercial and Business Litigation
When disagreements between individuals or corporate entities are brought before a court, business and commercial litigation occursThese disagreements might be between co-workers, shareholders, business owners, rival companies, lenders, suppliers, or other parties. They usually include disputes over breach of contract, IP infringement, defamation, cheating, fraud, construction disputes etc.
Public interest Litigation
These lawsuits are generally instituted in order to defend or preserve a community’s well-being. Any person or business that hinders or hinders society’s progress may be held legally accountable. Public health concerns and environmental legislation are typically at the centre of this litigation.
In civil litigation, two or more parties to a disagreement look for a financial settlement rather than criminal liability . Tenant and landlord conflicts, personal injury, suit for partition of property, possession, succession of property, intellectual property, , , ,real estate disputes, and other issues fall under this very broad category of litigation.
Criminal litigation deals with criminal jurisprudence governed by Indian Penal Code, 1860, Indian Evidence Act, 1872 and Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 along with certain special laws such as Prevention of Corruption act, POCSO Act, IT Act.
How can Knowledgentia litigation team assist in litigation matters
Knowledgentia Consultants has a wealth of expertise defending clients in cases involving FIR’s , complaints, appeals, revisions, arbitration , banking and financial frauds, , breach of contract, criminal law, foreign exchange law, human resources, and employment and industrial laws. Furthermore, our team is well equipped to deal with issues of land acquisition, matrimonial disputes, personal laws, private international laws, real estate and infrastructure, debt recovery, regulatory and governmental compliance, securitization laws, succession laws, and trade finance.
In order to handle issues in Lower Courts, High Courts, the Supreme Court of India, and Tribunals established under different enactments, including Appellate Tribunals, Knowledgentia Consultants has representation and employs prominent attorneys as per requirements in each situation.